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What is cytology?

Cytology is the microscopic examination of cells that have been collected from body tissues to help diagnose specific diseases or a pet’s illness. The most common technique to collect these cells is from fine needle aspiration. Although it is most common to sample lumps and bumps, this technique can be used on internal organs or body fluids as well.La imagen puede contener: comida

This technique is very simple, cost effect and rather painless. A fine gauge needle is introduced into the tissue and the plunger of the syringe is pulled back while the needle is held in the tissue. This creates suction, which aspirates or pulls cells or fluid from the site into the syringe. This material is immediately expelled onto a clean glass slide, spread in a thin layer and air dried. The slide is then stained with special dyes and examined under the microscope.

Cytology is not always diagnostic, but in those cases where the results do not provide a definitive diagnosis, they usually contribute valuable information that ultimately leads to a final diagnosis. In some cases, it is necessary to get a definitive diagnostic through histology, which is the microscopic examination of solid tissue collected surgically from the pet.

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One of Vida’s IVTC veterinarians, Dr. Ricardo Garcia, offers cytology services to underserved animals that come through our program. Many lumps and bumps can look the same and histology is costly and slow, therefore, by providing our patients with this service we can help provide the shelters or owners with information regarding a possible diagnosis as well as a prognosis and behavior of the specific types of cells. We look forward to sharing cases with you in the future and are grateful for Dr. Garcia’s support.